How to program the computer's BIOS
BIOS is special software that is stored on a ROM (read-only memory) chip in your computer. The BIOS is located on the motherboard and is a code that is responsible for the proper functioning of all devices in the computer: video cards, disks, USB connectors, etc. The more perfect this code, the better the system's performance and its resistance to critical errors.
All the hardware configuration of the computer is stored in the BIOS. Although some of them can be installed by the operating system. As soon as the user turns on the computer, the system is controlled by the BIOS.
What is BIOS for
How the BIOS works?
Reasons to update the BIOS?
How to prepare the BIOS update?
Motherboard model and firmware?
Tips for updating BIOS?
GIGABYTE motherboard BIOS update?
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What is BIOS for?, How the BIOS works?, Reasons to update the BIOS?, How to prepare the BIOS update?, Motherboard model and firmware?, Tips for updating BIOS?, GIGABYTE motherboard BIOS update?,BIOS USUS to software recovery?
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The BIOS (Basic Input-Output System) is the basic input-output system, or more simply, the program that is stored in
ROM (read-only memory) chip and boots and configures the entire computer before the operating system boots.
The BIOS is located on the motherboard and is a code that is responsible for the operation of all devices in a computer (or laptop). The better the code, the faster the computer will run. All basic hardware parameters are stored here.
Although some parameters are set during the installation of the operating system. When the computer is on, the BIOS for a few seconds tests the operability of all devices and, if everything is normal, transfers control to another program that is already loading the operating system.
In BIOS, you can change many settings, including processor or video card overclocking. Really, failed overclocking of a video card or processor and may be the reason you need to reset BIOS settings.
How the BIOS works?
As soon as the user turns on the computer, the system is controlled by the BIOS. This program quickly verifies and tests the operability of the hardware (for example, if the video card is overheating or if the CPU coolers are doing their job), and then transfers control to another program on the boot disk that loads the operating system.
The BIOS allows you to change many settings: change the date, time or language, switch devices to various modes (silent operation, etc.), monitor the status of all devices, overclocking the processor, etc.
Reasons to update the BIOS?
BIOS is a firmware through which the basic settings of a PC or laptop are controlled. She is responsible for enabling and loading it successfully. Without a properly working firmware, you will not be able to enter the Windows operating system, as a result of which your computer becomes useless.
The BIOS can sometimes get corrupted due to user error or malware activity, and your computer becomes unusable. If something like this happened, then you need to update and configure the BIOS correctly.
But you need to understand that BIOS recovery does not necessarily solve your problem. In many cases, the computer may not start because it is Windows that needs to be reinstalled.
1.- The computer does not respond when the power button is pressed (it does not turn on).
2.- The computer turns on, but makes some sounds and does not load the operating system.
3.- The computer constantly freezes, restarts, etc.
4.- The presence of errors in the code of the current version, which leads to a malfunction of the computer (for example, the sound has completely disappeared).
5.- The motherboard does not want to recognize new hardware (such as a new hard disk or a heat sink).
6.- To improve the general performance of the system, as well as its individual components.
How to prepare the BIOS update?
Updating the BIOS of a motherboard is a simple process that is described on the website of any official manufacturer. But this procedure has small nuances that must be taken into account. First of all, you need to remember that an incorrect BIOS update will disrupt the proper functioning of the computer and can only be "pumped" into specialized technical support services.
This will lead to a waste of money and time. Therefore, you should take note of all the little inconveniences and keep track of nothing:
1.- Use only the official BIOS version, which is downloaded from the manufacturer's website or supplied with the motherboard as a CD.
2.- Try to avoid using unfinished (beta) firmware versions as well as software intended for a different version of the GIGABYTE motherboard (differences of not even 1 digit in model number are allowed). An exception can only be made if the manufacturer has released a single BIOS version that supports several different boards. Let's say your motherboard model is GIGABYTE GA-B75-D3H, and the firmware is for GA-B75-xxx series models.
3.- Do not rely on unofficial manufacturers and third-party assemblies, even if you are tempted with additional features that were hidden from ordinary users to cut the motherboard, that is, create a budget option. No one will give you any guarantees that this particular version will work for your computer. And if you do, then you still won't be insured against various glitches and glitches in the system.
4. Make sure you have an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) for your desktop computer, or fully charge the battery if it is a laptop. BIOS updates do not tolerate power outages at the most inopportune moment. If this happens, you cannot avoid calling technical support.
5.- Before changing the BIOS firmware, you must clean the hard disk to free up space. Make sure it is working and there are no bad sectors.
NOTE.- If you update the BIOS from the Windows operating system, you must disconnect from the Internet and exit all unused programs, including antivirus programs. Also, kill unnecessary processes in task manager. Updating the BIOS should be the only priority task performed when changing the firmware on the motherboard.
How to configure BIOS?
Updating the BIOS is a risky procedure that can completely disable your computer, making it impossible to repair under warranty. If you are new to computing, it is best not to do this kind of thing. If possible, seek help from specialists who probably know how to start a BIOS.
Reasons to factory BIOS
In most cases, advanced PC users can return the BIOS settings to an acceptable state without completely resetting them. However, sometimes you still need to perform a hard reboot, for example in these cases:
1.- You forgot your operating system and / or BIOS password. If in the first case everything can be fixed by reinstalling the system or special utilities to recover / reset the password, then in the second you will only have to do a complete reset of all settings.
2.- If neither the BIOS nor the operating system are loaded or loaded incorrectly. The problem is likely deeper than the wrong settings, but it's worth trying to reset.
3.- Whenever you have entered incorrect settings in the BIOS and cannot return to the previous ones.
Method with special utility
If you have a 32-bit version of Windows installed, you can use a special built-in utility that is designed to reset the BIOS settings. However, this is as long as the operating system starts up and runs smoothly.
Use this step-by-step instruction:
1.- To open the utility, simply use the "Run" line. Call it with the Win + R key combination. Write to the debug line.
2.- Now, to determine which command to enter next, get more information about the developer of your BIOS. To do this, open the Run menu and enter the command there MSINFO32. This will open a window with information about the system. Select "System Information" from the menu on the left of the window and look for "BIOS Version" in the main window. The name of the developer must be written in front of this element.
3.- To reset the BIOS settings, you must enter different commands. For AMI and AWARD BIOS.
4.- After entering the last line, all BIOS settings are reset to factory default values. You can check whether or not they have rebooted by restarting the computer and entering the BIOS.
This method is suitable only for 32-bit versions of Windows, also, it is not stable, so it is recommended to use it only in exceptional cases.
One way is to restore the BIOS settings to defaults using the CMOS battery. You must turn off the computer again, place the switch in the "O" (off) position, and unplug the power cord. Then you need to open the system unit case, to work you will need access to the motherboard.
You can access the laptop battery by opening the panel at the bottom of the laptop. If there is no such panel, you will have to get to the battery with special tools.
This CMOS battery is found in almost all modern motherboards. With its help, all changes are stored in the BIOS. Thanks to him, the settings are not reset every time you turn off the computer. However, if you get it for a while, the settings will be reset to factory settings.
Instructions for removing a CMOS battery:
1.- Disconnect the computer from the power supply before removing the unit from the system. If you are using a laptop, you will also need to remove the main battery.
2.- Now disassemble the case. The system unit can be positioned so that you have unobstructed access to the motherboard. Also, if there is too much dust inside, it will need to be removed, as the dust can not only make finding and removing the battery difficult, but getting into the battery connector disrupts the performance of the computer.
3.- Find the battery itself. Most of the time it looks like a small silver pancake. You can often find the corresponding designation on it.
4.- Now gently pull the battery out of the slot. You can even remove it with your hands, the main thing is to do it so as not to damage anything.
5.- The battery can be replaced after 10 minutes. You must insert it with the inscriptions facing up, as it was before. Then you can fully assemble the computer and try to turn it on.
After that, you need to remove the battery. It can be located in different places (depending on the motherboard), but most of the time it is located near the PCI inputs. Next, you need to reset the BIOS by holding the power button for 10-15 seconds. Next, you need to install the battery, close the case, and connect the computer to a power outlet.
BIOS setting by jumper
Reset BIOS by jumper. You must first shut down the computer using the corresponding button in the operating system. Next, you need to find the switch on the back of the system unit (if there is one) and flip it to the "O" (off) position. If there is no such switch, you just need to turn off the computer from the outlet.
After that, you need to open the case of the system unit. The goal is to get to the motherboard. Be very careful when handling computer components, and especially avoid electrostatic discharge, as it can damage some parts of the computer. It is advisable to ground yourself and only then touch the components.
You need to find the 3-pin jumper on the motherboard, usually located next to the CMOS battery. The jumper will be installed on 2 pins (there are 3 in total). It can be labeled CLR, Clear, Clear CMOS, etc. It is recommended to browse the documentation for the motherboard to make it easier to find the jumper.
This jumper is also quite common on various motherboards. To reset the BIOS settings using a jumper, follow these step-by-step instructions:
1.- Unplug your computer from the electrical outlet. For laptops, also remove the battery.
2.- Open the system unit, if necessary, position it so that it is convenient for you to work with its content.
3.- Locate the jumper on the motherboard. Three pins appear to be sticking out of the plastic plate. Two of the three are closed with a special sweater.
4.- You must rearrange this bridge so that the open contact is below it, but the opposite contact opens.
5.- Keep the bridge in this position for a while and then return to its original position.
6.- You can finally put your computer back together and turn it on.
You should also take into account the fact that the number of contacts on some motherboards may differ. For example, there are examples where instead of 3 contacts there are only two or up to 6, but this is an exception to the rule. In this case, you will also need to bridge the contacts with a special jumper, so that one or more contacts remain open. To make it easier to find the ones you need, look next to them for the following signatures: "CLRTC" or "CCMOST".
Then you need to move this jumper to another 2 pins. For example, if it was on the first and second pins, now you need to move it to the second and third. To avoid damaging the pins, the bridge must be pulled out in an upright position.
After that, you need to hold down the power button of the computer for about 10-15 seconds. Since the computer is off, nothing should happen. This will discharge the remaining voltage across the capacitors and reset the BIOS settings. Next, you need to return the jumper to its original position, and then close the system unit case.
Factory BIOS reset
There can be many reasons for having to reset the BIOS settings. For example, the user has exaggerated the performance setting of the computer. Namely: you overclocked the processor or video card to critical performance. For security reasons, the computer now does not want to turn on. Informs the user that the device temperature is too high and shuts down. Of course, some models can automatically restore factory settings, but this is not always the case. Very often, the user has to perform this procedure himself.
Another reason to think about resetting the BIOS is a failed update. If you accidentally (or unknowingly) installed an update that does not match your motherboard or BIOS version, your computer will start to have a "fever." This situation can only be corrected by restarting the BIOS.
NOTE.- A fairly common reason to reset the BIOS is also to reset the password. That is, if, when you turn on the computer, the system asks for a password, and of course the new owner of the computer does not know it, then you need to reset the settings in the BIOS.
If you can get into the BIOS, then a factory reset can be done with it. This is convenient as there is no need to open the laptop case / system unit and manipulate inside. However, even in this case, it is advisable to be very careful, as there is a risk of further aggravating the situation.
The restart procedure may differ slightly from the one described in the instructions, depending on the BIOS version and computer settings. The step-by-step instructions are as follows:
1.- Enter the BIOS. Depending on the motherboard model, version, and developer, these can be keys from F2 to F12, the key combination Fn + F2-12 (found on laptops), or Delete. It is important that you press the correct keys before loading the operating system. On the screen you can write which key to press to enter BIOS.
2.- Immediately after entering the BIOS, you should find the item "Load Setup Defaults", which is responsible for resetting the settings to the factory state. Most of the time, this item is in the "Exit" section, found in the top menu. It is worth remembering that depending on the BIOS itself, the names and locations of the items may differ slightly.
3.- Once you have found this item, you must select it and press Enter. You will then be asked to confirm the seriousness of your intentions. To do this, press Enter or Y (depending on version).
4.- Now you need to exit the BIOS. You do not need to save your changes.
After restarting your computer, double check if factory reset helped you. Otherwise this may mean you did it wrong or the problem is elsewhere.
Motherboard model and firmware?
Before updating a motherboard's BIOS, you must first find out its exact model and BIOS version. Do not trust the documentation provided with the plate. These manuals are often generalized, and you may be using a different board model.
To identify the exact name of the model, you must use the special Everest utility. After installing the utility, run it and open a subsection of the motherboard. Its properties will tell you the information you need (for example, GIGABYTE GA-B75-D3H). For this model, the search for the desired BIOS version will be done on the manufacturer's official website.
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Before that, you still need to determine the current BIOS version. This is necessary to check the option on the official website and make sure that the latest version is not installed on the motherboard.
This is done by opening a subsection of the motherboard and selecting the BIOS item. The BIOS version line contains the required information: F13.
Note.- Write down the model number of the motherboard and the BIOS version accordingly. Do it slowly, as any mistake has serious consequences.
Proceed to download the correct BIOS version. To do this, go to the official GIGABYTE website and open the motherboard section. Search GA-B75-D3H and find your plate model. By clicking on it, you can read the latest news and updates. Most of the time, several different BIOS versions appear with their release date and a brief description of the innovations.
Download the correct version and extract it from the archive. Now you need to download the extracted files to a USB flash drive or floppy disk. The second option is relevant for owners of outdated motherboards, as they do not support reading a flash drive outside of the operating system environment. Before loading BIOS onto a USB flash drive, please format your file system to FAT32.
In the event that the BIOS has failed on your desktop PC, you should find the website of the company that developed your motherboard through the search engine.
The motherboard model (and its revision) is always indicated at the top of the plate, You can find the manufacturer name and model of your specific motherboard:
1.- A branded box underneath it, which, by the way, it is advisable not to lose or throw away.
2.- To see the model name on the black screen of the monitor shortly after turning on the computer (even before I have time to enter the BIOS), but not all users will be able to solve it.
3.- A radical way is to open the side cover of the system unit and find inside the mark with the model name of the motherboard (it usually attracts attention immediately, so it will be difficult to make mistakes).
Find and download a file with a suitable BIOS file for your device from the developer's website. Any self-respecting laptop and motherboard manufacturer has a special website with drivers, firmware, and other useful files for users. All this, of course, is free to download.
After downloading the archive, unzip it using any extractor program (7-Zip, WinRar, etc.). The folder that appears will contain several files, one of which has the extension ".bio". You don't need to think about how to run this file. Just retype your name somewhere on your laptop, because after a while you may need it when you are already configuring the firmware. Copy all the files in the archive to a USB flash drive or any other USB storage device.
On laptops, everything is even simpler: you just need to find the website of the developer of your device on the Internet. For example, if you have an ASUS laptop, the motherboard will also be ASUS. You can't go wrong with the motherboard model name, because different motherboards cannot be installed on the same laptop models. The BIOS version you need will be signed on the developer's website, not by the motherboard model, but by the laptop model.
Tips for updating BIOS?
1.- You should not delve into and change the configuration, whose essence you do not understand well. Some of them affect the frequencies of the devices installed on the motherboard. There is a possibility of burning from overheating.
2.- If you change the BIOS settings, you must turn off the computer and remove the battery from the motherboard. Before reinstalling it, you must wait less than a minute.
3.- Update the BIOS only when absolutely necessary. If you do not need the features of the new version, updating is not recommended.
4.- Make sure electricity is not lost during the renewal period.
5.- Always keep the current BIOS (make a backup copy) before installing a new version.
6.- Make sure that the firmware downloaded from the official site is designed specifically for your motherboard.
GIGABYTE motherboard BIOS update?
You can update the BIOS of GIGABYTE motherboard using 2 methods:
A.- Directly in the Windows operating system using the program designed for it, which you can find on the developer's official website. This is a good option that will suit most users, but the situation where the computer freezes due to any process in task manager that cannot be removed manually in Windows environment cannot be excluded. It's hard to say where this will lead, but you can be absolutely sure that the BIOS update will fail.
B.- Directly from DOS, using the Q-Flash program, which is ideal for updating the BIOS of GIGABYTE motherboards. This method is more credible due to the fact that the update is unhindered, that is, no process and service interferes with it. Furthermore, this method is versatile and safe.
C.- Updating through the Q-Flash program:
Q-Flash Q-Flash is a BIOS flash utility embedded in Flash ROM. With Q-Flash you can update the system BIOS without having to enter operating systems like MS-DOS or Windows first.
(Not all motherboards support Q-Flash™, please use @BIOS™ or DOS flash utility to update BIOS if your motherboard does not have Q-Flash™.)
Before using Q-Flash utility, go to GIGABYTE website to download the latest compressed BIOS update file that matches your motherboard model. Extract the file and save the new BIOS file to your floppy disk, USB flash drive, or hard drive. And be noted that the USB flash drive or hard drive must use FAT32/16/12 file system.
TO DOWNLOAD Q-Flash
TO DOWNLOAD How to use Q-Flash in PDF
1.- Turn on the computer and open the BIOS configuration (standard key F2 / DEL).
2.- Reset the BIOS settings using the default option Load Optimized, save the settings (Save and Exit) and reboot.
3.- After rebooting, go back to BIOS and you will see a small message at the bottom of the screen. Press the F8 key to start Q-Flash and answer yes to the question if you really want to start this program (Y key). Then press Enter / Return (if the motherboard is out of date and does not support booting from a USB flash drive, the utility will offer an update via floppy disk).
4.- Save the current version of the BIOS through the Save Bios option and click Update Bios. This will allow you to revert to the previous version of the BIOS if the updated version does not meet your needs or is unstable.
5.- When asked where you need to install the BIOS, you must specify the desired medium. A standard flash drive will show up as HDD 2.0.
6.- The flash drive will contain the BIOS file that was loaded earlier. You must select it and press the Enter key. The reading will begin and you will be asked if you are sure to update the BIOS. for Press Enter and the update will begin. It will take less than a minute, so do not press any keys and wait until the operation is complete.
7.- When the update is complete, the computer will restart. If the installation was successful, you can try the updated BIOS version.
BIOS USUS to software recovery?
BIOS firmware is a delicate procedure, so you must approach it with special care. Sometimes, however, all precautions do not help: force majeure occurs, during which the firmware files are damaged. Most of the motherboard manufacturers have tools to recover from such failures, and today we want to talk about those of ASUS motherboards.
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