What is error 0x0000007b and how to fix it
When working with Windows XP, error 0x0000007b may appear, blocking access to the installer or the operating system desktop. To fix it, you will need to understand the cause of the problem and, based on this, develop a plan to fix the problem. Ultimately, the error is solved by interacting with the system, which increases the possibilities of self-elimination, without the help of a specialist.
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Why the error 0x0000007b appears?
What is error 0x0000007b and how to fix it?
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Why the error 0x0000007b appears?, What is error 0x0000007b and how to fix it?, Windows XP startup troubleshooting?, Checking other items on the computer?
Why the error 0x0000007b appears?
Very often, error 0x0000007b
appears in Windows XP when installing the operating system (OS). The causes can be:
1.- The connection to SATA configured incorrectly.
2.- Important drivers are missing in the installation files.
3.- Data corruption when creating boot devices.
The consequence of these reasons
is the appearance of error 0x0000007b when starting the computer with the operating system just installed. But often there are cases when a problem manifests itself due to another cause:
1.- Have a mechanical damage to the hard disk.
2.- The presence of bad sectors.
3.- Incorrect operation of the system registry.
4.- Change the BIOS settings.
5.- Have damage to the boot sector.
6.- Lack of drivers to start up.
What is error 0x0000007b and how to fix it?
The blue screen with STOP 0x0000007b error in Windows XP at boot is removed by modifying BIOS settings or adding prerequisites to the installation image. Also, in the second case, the operation can be performed directly at the time of installation or in advance using special software.
A.- IDE mode configuration in BIOS
At the time of the Windows XP release, the IDE standard was used to determine connected drives, which is considered obsolete. Modern computers use ACHI settings by default. Because of this, the installer cannot read files from the device, resulting in an error.
To fix the problem, you will need to manually change the parameters in the BIOS, for this you need:
A.1.- When the computer starts up, press Del, F2, Esc → F10, depending on the motherboard manufacturer or laptop model, to access the BIOS.
A.2.- Once in the entry and exit utility, go to the Advanced section.
A.3.- Change the SATA Configuration parameter to Compatible.
After changing the parameter, you must save the changes. To do this, you need to press the F10 key and confirm the action in the dialog box. After following the instructions, you can restart your computer and start running the operating system installer.
Important Note.- The names of the sections and the parameters may differ depending on the BIOS version. So, advanced will be called Integrated Peripherals or Main, and SATA Configuration - OnChip SATA Type, SATA RAID / AHCI Mode, or SATA Mode.
B.- Load drivers during installation
Before performing the operation, the Windows XP installer offers to load the necessary drivers to successfully complete the task. This requires a floppy drive and the corresponding utility written on the floppy. Windows XP cannot work with modern USB drives and CD / DVD drives.
If the necessary components are present in the complete set of the computer, then to fix the error 0x0000007b, you will need:
B.1.- Insert the floppy disk into the drive.
B.2.- Start the computer from the installation unit.
B.3.- At the beginning of the installation, press the F6 key.
B.4.- Wait until the process of reading and decompressing the necessary files is completed.
Upon completion, the installer will continue to work automatically and you will be prompted to proceed to the next step.
C.- Add drivers to installation
If necessary, you can embed the missing drivers directly into the operating system installation image. This will require three components:
C.1.- NLite Utility.
C.2.- SATA controller with AHCI support.
C.3.- Image of Windows XP.
NLite Utility NTLite is a tool that allows us to create personalized and unattended Windows installation discs so that each user, without too much technical knowledge, can create their own versions of the operating system in terms of programs, drivers and settings.
To use this tool, the first thing we must do is download it from its main website and install it on our system. NTLite is a free application although it has a paid version with some additional features.
The installation is quick and clean, we can even choose if we want the program to be installed "portable". Once installed we execute it and we will see a window similar to the following one.
TO DOWNLOAD NLite Utility
For integration with NLite you will need:
1.- Unpack the driver and the operating system image.
2.- Start nLite and specify the path to the directory with the Windows XP files.
3.- In the "Integrate" block, select the "Drivers" option and in "Create" - "Bootable ISO image".
4.- In the "Mode" drop-down list, specify Create image.
5.- Select Overview, in the file manager window, select the folder to create an image of the modified system.
6.- Wait until the ISO file is created.
In the future, the image should be written to a USB flash drive through which to install Windows XP.
Windows XP startup troubleshooting?
There are more ways to fix a running error 0x0000007b that appears during operating system startup, increasing the chances of successfully completing the task.
A.- Start your computer in safe mode Safe Boot Mode starts Windows XP without using custom presets. If the error occurred due to malware installation or driver failure, it is recommended to use for error 0x0000007b:
A.1.- Press the key while starting the computer. F8.
A.2.- In the menu that appears, select "Safe mode".
After from the desktop, you must uninstall recently installed applications and clean the startup folder.
B.- Switch to AHCI mode in Registry Editor
You can change the SATA connection mode through the system registry. This will fix the problem:
B.1.- Press the keys, press Win + R, type regedit, then Enter. (We edit the system registry)
B.2.- Using the tree structure on the left side, follow the path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE / SYSTEM / CurrentControlSet / services / msahci.
B. 4.- Navigate to another folder in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE / SYSTEM / CurrentControlSet / services / iaStorV.
B.5.- Change the value of the parameter of the same name in the same way.
After completing the steps, you need to restart the computer, enter the BIOS, and change the SATA connection mode as described above.
C.- Reset BIOS settings
The appearance of the error 0x0000007b, can be affected by an incorrect configuration of the parameters of the input and output utility. It is required to replace the configuration of the GOD to the standard one. (Each version of BIOS has its own unique interface, so the instructions may differ.)
Step-by-step guide to change:
C.1.- Start BIOS.
C.2.- Go to the Exit tab.
C.3.- Select the option Reset to Default, Factory Default, Setup Defaults or Load Optimized Defaults (depending on the version of the utility).
Important Note.- After restarting the computer, the situation should return to normal; otherwise, it is recommended to make adjustments to the SATA connection mode parameter.
Checking other items on the computer?
A.- Check hard disk operation
The error 0x0000001b, can be affected by the operation of the hard disk. To eliminate this reason, you need to check the hard drives of the computer:
A.1.- Using a bootable USB flash drive with the Windows XP installer, start the computer.
A.2.- In the first installation stage, press the R key.
A.3.- In the console that appears, type the command chkdsk / r.
A.4.- Wait for the operation to finish.
The utility (chkdsk / r) will provide a detailed report on the operation of the hard disk and if a malfunction is detected, it will offer solutions:
A.1.-Reinstall the disk driver
The hard disk controller may not work properly. To eliminate the malfunction, reinstall the hard disk software through "Device Manager"
To start you must:
1.- Open the Start menu → My Computer.
2.- In the sidebar, click on the link See system information.
3.- In a new window, open the "Computer" tab, click on device manager.
After starting the system utility,
you must reinstall the driver:
3.1.- Expand the "Disk Devices" directory, right-click on the computer name, go to "Properties".
3.2.- In the "Driver" tab, click the Delete button, confirm the action.
3.3.- They have to restart the computer.
On subsequent startup, the system will automatically detect the component specification and install the appropriate driver.
Note.- In some cases it helps to update a component, to do this, in the "Driver" tab, click on the button of the same name.
B.- How to recover the boot sector
The boot sector of the hard disk can be damaged by user actions or malware. The solution requires a Windows XP boot device. You need:
1.- Start the computer from a USB flash drive.
2.- In the first stage of installation, click on R.
3.- In the console that appears, execute two commands in turn: bootrec / fixmbr and bootrec / fixboot.
4.- You have to restart your computer.
SUMMARIZING.- Error code 0x0000007b causes problems in the system, so you can fix the problem manually. To complete some of the instructions, you must prepare a bootable drive, with which you will need to start the computer for recovery operations.
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